«Pest Management / Пест-Менеджмент» (РЭТ-инфо) № 2 (90)/2014
Modern pediculicides drugs (01/01/2014)
Shestopalov N. V.1, Professor; Frolova A. I.1,2, Professor; Roslavtseva S. A. 1,2, Professor; Lopatina Yu. V. 1,2, Ph.D. (Biol.); Eremina O. Yu. 1,2, Ph.D. (Biol.); Tsarenko V. A. 1,2, Osipova N. Z. 1,2
1Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute by Rospotrebnadzor, Nauchny pr., 18, Moscow, 117246
2 Disinfectology Department, 1st MSMU named by I. M. Sechenov, Nauchny pr., 18, Moscow, 1172463 M .V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. Leninskie Gory, 11, bld 12
4 Federal Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology by Rospotrebnadzor, Varshavskoye sh. 19а , Moscow,117105
Information on the pediculosis incidences in the Russian Federation for 2010–2013 is given. Data on registered for use drugs with insecticidal activity to lice, including resistance to pyrethroids are summarized.
Keywords: pediculosis, head louse, body louse, resistance, pediculicide
Influence of climatic and social factors on the malaria incidence in Astrakhan region
Arakelyan R. S., Ph. D.(Med.), Galimzyanov Kh. M., professor, Zapletina N. A. Astrakhan State Medical Academy, Minzdrav RF, ul. Bakuninsraya, 121, Astrakhan, 414000.
Kovtunov A. I., Ph. D. (Med.) Astrakhan regional Department, Rospotrebnadzor. ul. Ostrovskogo, 138, Astrakhan, 414057.
Stulova T. V., Ambulance station. ul. Lukonina, 5, Astrakhan, 414057
Malaria continues to be a widespread disease in the world, which is an important public health problem in the most developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. According to WHO estimates, the number of new cases worldwide annually reached 100 million. In general, over the past 10 years, the world situation has changed slightly, but its deterioration are observed in many parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The main causes of the malaria situation in the country are: late detection of patients and parasite, poor sanitary condition and improper use of hydraulic, promoting the growth of the number of carrier, untimely and poor conducted anti-malaria activities, as well as the situation on climate changes that have occurred not only in our country, but also worldwide.
Keywords: malaria, climate, epidemic foci, mosquitoes, sickness rate
Culicoides as emergent vector for bluetongue in Europe
Makarov V. V., professor Russian People Friendship University
Vasileviсh F .I., professor K. I. Skriabin` Moscow State Academy for veterinary medicine and biotechnology
The analytical paper describes the main veterinary bioecologic particularities of Culicoides, «pathogen - vector» system, insect immunity, genesis of transmissible infection, infectious cycle, pathogenesis, vectorial transmission and mechanisms of over-wintering bluetongue in context of disease emergency in Europe. The Palearctic Culicoides sp are presented as principal vector of infection in Northwest Europe.
Key words: bluetongue, Culicoides, vector, transmission, unendemic area
On the effect of age on cell-mediated immunity in coxiellosis
Karpenko S.F., Ph.D (Med.), Institute of Regional infection pathology of Astrakhan, State Medical Academy, Minzdrav RF, ul. 2 Zagorodnaya, 2a, Pokrovskaya Roscha, Astrakhan , Russia 414004
Galimzyanov Kh. M., professor, Astrakhan State Medical Academy, Minzdrav RF, ul. Bakuninsraya, 121, Astrakhan, 414000
We summarized the data of clinical and laboratory examination of 100 patients with moderate coxiellosis and the results of investigations of formation the peculiarities of slow-type hypersensitivity in the inhibition of leukocyte migration with heart extract, depending on age in 30 donors.
Keywords: coxiellosis, age, inhibition of leukocyte migration, heart extract
West Nile Fever in Saratov urban habitats
Yakovlev S. A., Associate of Biological Sciences; Porshakov A. M., Zakharov K. S., Shilov M. M., Associate of Biological Sciences; Chekashov V. N., Associate of Biological Sciences; Rospotrebnadzor Federal Government Health Institution Russian Research Anti-Plague Institute «Microbe», 410005, Saratov, Universitetskaya St., 46
The issues of circulation of West Nile virus in the territory of Saratov are considered. The risks of West Nile virus contamination of urban population are discussed.
Key words: West-Nile fever, blood-sucking mosquitoes, flooded basements, urban biotopes, numerical strength
Migration activity of brown rats in Moscow
S. A. Kvashnin, Ph.D., e-mail – firstname.lastname@example.org
The process of colonization of large food factories by brown rats has been studied the whole year round and during 15 years. Initially the studied objects have been depopulated from resident rats. The appearance of immigrants was registered by different methods with catches by steel traps as the main one. It was shown that immigration took place during all season but with different intensity, being low from January to June and significant during autumn months. All immigrants were mature adults and subadults. Sex ration was 1,2 to 1,0 (males to females). About a quarter of immigrants females were pregnant. It is supposed that a long-term dynamics of number of brown rats in Moscow has recurring character.
Keywords: large city, brown rats, migration, population dynamics
The probability of objects occupation by rodents (estimating in on-line dialogue mode)
Rylnikov V. A., Ph. D, Bogacheva A. V., Hamaletdinova E. A., Nonstate private scientific and educational institution «Institute of Pest Management», private box 36, Moscow, 117342
Overview of the new on-line resource dedicated to the pest-risk evaluation as the measure to objects protection from problematic species by the example of rodents appearance is shown. The possibility of attracting additional Internet resource – «Moscow Rat map» with real distribution of Brown rats in Moscow, obtained by population interview. The danger degree for controlled object can be estimated taking into account the population of rats in adjacent objects.
Keywords: pest-risk, internet resource, population interview, rodents presence, Moscow Rat map
Comparative acaricidal activity of avermectins
against rabbit ear itch mite Psoroptes cuniculi
Delafond, 1859 in vitro
Olehnovich E. I. 1, 2, Roslavtseva S. A. 1, Sapozhnikova A. I. 2, Alekseev M. A. 1, Mirzaev M. N.2, Zavarzin I. V. 3
1 Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute by Rospotrebnadzor, Nauchny pr., 18, Moscow, 117246 2 K. I. Skryabin’s Moscow state Veterinary medicine and biotechnology academy, ul, Ac. Skryanin, 23, Moscow, 109472 3 N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry RAS, Leninsky pr., 47, Moscow, 119991
Comparative acaricidal activity avermectins rabbit ear itch mite Psoroptes cuniculi Delafond, 1859 in vitro is studied.Comparison of mites survival under the acaricide treatment was carried out using the method of the statistical analysis of Kaplan-Meier survival. LT50 and LT95 for different concentrations of active substances are found. They can be used for the acaricides development and for comparison sensitivity of P. cuniculi from different populations to these biocides.
Keywords: abamectin, avermectins hemisuccinate B1a, ivermectin, Aversectin C, Psoroptes cuniculi, acaricidal activity, avermectins
Review section. 7. Rodents research methods and criteria for evaluating
the effectiveness of deratization means. Guide P.2.2643-10 «Methods of laboratory research
and testing of disinfectants to assess their effectiveness and safety» (Moscow, 2010)
Burdelov L. A.