«Pest Management / Пест-Менеджмент» (РЭТ-инфо) № 3 (79)/2011
Cherniavskaya O.P., Tsarenko V.A., Cand. Sc. (Biol.) Osipova N.Z FSHI “Federal Hygiene and Epidemiology Center“ by Rospotrebnadzor
Activity rate of disinfection institutions, disinfection units of hygiene and epidemiology centres, quality and volume of preventive disinfection, disinsection and deratization control measures and also state of final disinfection in infection diseases foci regarding subjects of the Russian Federation in 2010 are presented in the article according to departments of Federal service on customers' rights protection and human well-being surveillance. Some data are given in comparison with previous years information
Demidova T. N.-1, Mikhailova T. V. -1, Nikitina N.A. -1, Savelyeva O. V. -1, Apekina N. S.-2, Gorshenko V. V.-3, Popov V. P. -3
1- Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiolody and Microbiology, Moscow, Russia,
2- Insitute of Poliomyelitis and Viral Encefalitis, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow,Russia,
3- FSIH «Antiplague Center» by Russian Consumer Inspection, Moscow, Russia
This paper represents the results of the research of forest centers in the Central Forest Biospheric State Nature Reserve in Nelidovski district of Tver region. There were found and characterized the combine natural foci of tularemia, leptospirosis and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). The species of small mammals involved in the epizootics were determined. The bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus) was found as the dominant species involved in the epizootics. Some of them were mixed with the causative agent of three infection (tularemia, leptospirosis and HFRS). Common territory, the presence the mixed infections in small mammals (mainly the bank voles) with two or three causative agents propose the possibility of the simultaneous or non-simultaneous the human infections in combined natural foci.
Keywords: tularemia, leptospirosis and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), mixed infections, combined natural foci, bank vole.
Guseeva T.M., Cand. Sc. (Med), E.I.Martsinovsky Institute of Medical Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (MSMU), M. Pirogovskaya, 20, Moscow119435.
Gadaev H.H., Cand. Sc. (Med) ГНУ Chechen research agricultural institute, ul. Lenina,1, v .Gikalo, Grosnensky district, Chechen Republic 366021
Umarov R.M. Cand. Sc. (Biol.) Chechen Republic territorial department of Rospotrebnadzor in Argun town, ul. Gagarina, 1, Argun town, Chechen Republic
New classification of territory estimation depended on taeniarhynchosis sickness rate of population is offered. Geoinformation system (GIS) is applied for maximal visualization of information about taeniarhynchosis. Spread of taeniarhynchosis among population and cattle cysticercosis in Chechen Republic has been studied. Four areas with high sickness rate are selected in Chechen Republic.
Keywords: taeniarhynchosis Taenia saginatа, geoinformation system (GIS).
Here is the brief review on ecology and adaptations by hamster species in anthropogenous environments inhabiting in Russia. Hamsters do not usually become a dominant of community, single life and that is why they are not a serious pest of agriculture and do not have large medical significance. Although some species do have the ability to increase in number in agrolandscapes and cities. Becoming a real synanthropic, extruding from the city habitats: the house mouse (grey hamster in Armenia) and the brown rat (common hamster in Crimea). At the same time, change of character of land tenure and the application of rodenticides and pesticides can lead to area reduction or even complete extinction (a common hamster in Europe, ciscaucasian hamster in Dagestan)
Keywords: hamsters, Cricetinae, ecology, adaptation, synanthropia, review
V.V.Makarov Russian people friendship university
Systematic rewiev is devoted to synanthropization as new ecological reality with veterinary and epidemiological significance. Four gropes of wild animals (red foxes, raccoon dogs, boars, bats) were considered in context the theme as well as the elements of its ecology, zoonoses which they reserved and synergizing co-factors. It is followed with some conclusions, main evaluation and recommendations on research phenomenon.
Keywords: synanthropy, synanthropization, wild animals, veterinary epidemiology, zoonoses.
D. A. Tarabakin, post-graduate, St. Petesburg State Univesity of Low-temperature and Food Technologies;
A. I. Smorodin, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Moscow Bauman State Technological University,
A. V. Butorina, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Russian State Medical University;
M. V. Ushakova, research fellow, Candidate of Biology, Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The study of the impact of ozone-air mixture on scaring away mice. The experiments were carried out on a test group of ten outbred mice. The concentrations of ozone-air mixture during the test did not exceed 40 mg/m3. The test was carried out with the use of specially developed equipment to ensure the purity of the biological experiment. The obtained experimental data reflect the behavioral response in the presence of ozone in pure air.
Keywords: Ozone, electron-ion technologies, biological objects.
Shandala M.G., Shashina N.I., Germant O.M., Pakskina P.D., Cherniavskaya O.P., Tsarenko V.A., Gavrilov M.M., Osipova N.Z.
Shandala M.G., Frolova A.I., Roslavtseva S.A., Lopatina Yu.V., Tsarenko V.A., Osipova N.Z.
Sapunov V. B., St.Petersburg State Agricultural University
The main topics of -international conference, organized in Brazil in August 2010 were considered. This was first such a meeting at Latin America. Consideration of world problems of pest control was accompanied by discussion of specific pest and environment problems of South America. Despite of great achievements of pest control, the progress of pests takes place all over the world. The future of pest control must be based on the complex approaches based on knowledge of modern biological and technical sciences and ecological education.
Keywords: pests, ecological management, Latin America.