«Pest-Management» (RAT-info) № 2 (94)/2015
History and current state of plague field prophylaxis in the west of Kazakhstan
A.K. Grazhdanov, A.N. Matrosov, professor, FGHI Russian Research Anti-Plague Institute “Microbe”, Saratov, Russian Federation, 46 Universitetskaya St., Saratov, 410005
By the example of natural plague foci in the Volga- Ural interfluve area, the stages of hard look for the path of this dangerous infection effective prophylaxis over one hundred years are shown. Due to huge efforts of plague-control system the aerial bait treatment method with high efficacy for rapid suppression of widespread plague epizooties in natural foci has been developed and tested. However, because of objective reasons, this unprecedented practice has retained the only its historical value nowadays. Therewith, an incomparably more cost-efficient and no less effective method of local treatments against little sousliks and small gerbils, directly aimed at the human protection has been recently worked out and tested under the field conditions. Field deratization and disinsection, aimed at creation safety zones around the human settlements in the territory of epizooty, is the main epidemiologically substantiated method for urgent non-specific plague prophylaxis.
Keywords: plague epizooties, carriers and vectors of plague, epidemiological hazard, disinsection, and deratization.
Review of fauna and epidemiological value of bloodsucking mosquitoes of the Rostov region
I. V. Dvortsova, PhD (Biol.), senior researcher The Rostov-on-Don Anti-Plague Institute of the Federal Agency for Consumer Rights Protection & Human Welfare Supervision 344002, Rostov-on-Don, st. of M. Gorky, 117/42, e-mail: email@example.com
The ecologo-faunistic analysis of bloodsucking mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae), inhabiting the territory of the Rostov region, has been carried out. Twenty three species belonging to 6 genera have been registered Anopheles, Aedes, Culex, Culiseta, Uranotaenia, Coquillettidia, 12 species has disappeared from collections: 7 – Aedes, 3 – Culex and 1 – Anopheles and 1 – Culiseta. Characteristics of mosquitoes fauna are: significant species diversity of genera Aedes noticeable role of genera Culiseta and Anopheles in mosquitoes fauna, the relative species poverty of the genus Culex. The data about medical significance of bloodsucking mosquitoes that act as vectors of the the regional infections causative agents: viruses of the West Nile, Inco, Batai, Sindbis, and Tyaginya fevers and the causative agents of tularemia and dirofilariasis is presented.
Keywords: bloodsucking mosquitoes, Anopheles, Aedes, Culex, Rostov region.
Number and distribution of mosquitoes Сulex pipiens in the stairwells of multi-storey buildings in anthropurgic West Nile fever focus in Saratov city
Porshakov A. M., researcher, PhD (Biol.), Yakovlev S. A., researcher PhD (Biol.), Zakharov K. S., jr. researcher , Chekashov V. N., researcher PhD (Biol.), Shilov M. M., researcher PhD (Biol.), Tarasov M.A. senior researcher, Doctor of Biology, Tolokonnikova S. I., researcher PhD (Biol.), Udovikov A. I. senior researcher, Doctor of Biology, Matrosov A. N., leading researcher Doctor of Biology
The results of phenological observations of mosquitoes Culex pipiens- West Nile Virus (WNV) carriers in urban biocenoses of Saratov are presented. Estimating the number and distribution of synanthropic mosquitoes in the entrance halls and stairwells of multi-storey houses were conducted from September 2013 to January 2015. Mosquitoes was found to emerge in flooded basements of poor sanitary houses over the year and they present everywhere in the entrance halls and stairwells on all floors of the houses
Keywords: synanthropic mosquitoes, number, distribution , West Nile fever, urban biocenoses.
Population structure and abundance of small mammals in the forest shrub plants in the south of Nonchernozem zone in 2004 – 2014 years
V. A. Korzikov - 1, S. K. Alekseev - 2, L. V. Ovsannikova - 1, O. L. Silaeva - 3, V. A. Tsarenko - 4, V. I. Zhukov - 4, D. V. Trankvilevskiy - 4
1 - FBUZ «Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology of Kaluga Region», Kaluga;
2 - Kaluga society for the study of nature, Kaluga;
3 - Institute of Ecology and Evolution A.N. Severtsov, Moscow;
4 - FBUZ «Federal Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology» Rospotrebnadzor, Moscow.
We have analyzed dynamics of small mammals’ abundance and species composition in forest habitats of Kaluga region, Moscow region and New Moscow. Habitats have been surveyed in three physicalgeographical provinces: Central Russian province, Smolensk – Moscow province and Dnepr – Desna province. The bank vole (Myodes glareolus) prevails everywhere. It consists 83% of small mammals. There was increasing of the striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius) at the last half of 2006 year in the Central Russian upland. This fact corresponds with some papers about Central Russian upland in Chernozem zone.
Key words: woodland habitats, small mammals, abundance, preventive measure, epizootiological monitoring, epidemiological inspection, natural-focus diseases, bank vole, striped field mouse.
Insecticide lamps «Alcochem Hygiene»
Poymenov M. A.
Information-methodical letter «Pediculosis sickness rate in the Russian Federation and the use of modern pediculicides for its prevention»
Shestopalov N. V. - 1, Frolova A. I. - 1, 2, Lopatina Yu. V. - 1, 3, Roslavtseva S. A. - 1, 2, Eremina O. Yu. - 1, Tsarenko V. A. - 4, Osipova N. Z. - 4
1 - Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute by Rospotrebnadzor, Nauchny pr., 18, Moscow, 117246;
2 - Disinfectology Department, 1st MSMU named by I. M.Sechenov, Moscow 20, ul. Malaya Pyrogovskaya, Moscow, 119435;
3 - M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University. Leninskie Gory , 11, bld 12;
4 - Federal Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology by Rospotrebnadzor, Varshavskpye sh. 19а , Moscow,117105
Data on the pediculosis sickness rate in Russia in 2012-2014 are presented. The situation in the administrative districts of the Russian Federation is analyzed. The system of measures to pediculosis prevention is considered and the information about modern pediculicides based on benzyl benzoate, PhOC, substances of plant origin, polysiloxane (dimethicones) et al., effective against resistant to permethrin lice is presented . Pediculicides rotation schemes, including for children of different age groups, are offered.
Keywords: pediculosis, head louse, body louse, pediculicides, resistance