Pest-Management # 2 (122)/2022
Richness assement of the most dangerous invasive species in various regions of Russia
Khlyap L. A. 1, Warshavsky A. A. 1, Osipov F. A. 1, Dergunova N.N. 1, Petrosyan V. G. 1
1 A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution Russian Academy of Sciences; 119071, 33 Leninskiy prosp., Moscow, RUSSIA
Generalized maps are presented on the distribution of the 100 most dangerous invasive species (TOP-100) in Russia, including a wide range of organisms: from bacteria to mammals. Assessment of the species richness of invasive species from the TOP-100 list are presented for each administrative-territorial subject of the Russian Federation using modern GIS technologies. The created maps represent the hot zones of influence of dangerous marine, freshwater and terrestrial species on the natural ecosystems of Russia. It is shown that the largest number of the most dangerous invasive species (more than half, maximum 64% of the total) occurs in the Leningrad region and in the western regions of the Southern Federal District.
Keywords: biological invasions; aquatic ecosystems, terrestrial ecosystems, environmental safety; regions of Russia
Epidemiological forecasting as a preventive way to increase the targeting of tick-borne encephalitis prevention measures in the Russian Federation subjects
Nikitin A.Ya., e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Andaev E.I.
Irkutsk Scientific Research Anti-Plague Institute of Rospotrebnadzor, 664047, Irkutsk, Trilissera, 78
The incidence of tick-borne encephalitis remains an urgent problem for the Russian Federation healthcare. The basic approach to the prevention of natural focal infections in the country is becoming risk-oriented. It is based on the allocation of territories groups with different levels of the disease incidence, as well as the forecast of the epidemiological situation development for preventive management decision-making. The purpose of the work is to describe the approach to the short–term prognosis of the epidemiological situation of this infection in the Federal Districts of the Russian Federation, which has been tested for many years in the Reference Center for Monitoring Tick-borne encephalitis of the Irkutsk Research Anti-Plague Institute. For a retrospective analysis of morbidity, the data of the form No. 2 of the federal static observation «Information on infectious and parasitic diseases» were used in the work. The forecast is based on time series analysis methods. A ten-year period was adopted for the base observation period. The forecast uses an approach based on the identification of development trends in time series and their extrapolation for the next epidemiological season. The algorithm of forecasting in the presence or absence of a linear trend is considered. The proposed approach to short-term forecast of epidemiological situation for tick-borne encephalitis has been tested on data on endemic Federal Districts of Russia for 2012–2021 to calculate the expected values of morbidity in them for 2022. On the basis of the predicted morbidity rates, the necessity of applying certain infection prevention measures in their territories is briefly discussed.
Keywords: tick-borne encephalitis, morbidity prognosis, time series, extrapolation of trends.
Pediculosis: the current state of the problem
Lopatina Yu.V., PhD in Biological Science, e-mail: email@example.com
Lomonosov Moscow State University, GSP-1, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, Russian Federation; Institute of Disinfectology Federal Scientific Center for Hygiene named after F. F. Erisman of Rospotrebnadzor, Moscow, Nauchny proezd, 18, Russian Federation
Louse infestation is one of the commonest parasite-related public health problems worldwide. The incidence of louse infestation in the Russian Federation for 2001-2020 has been analyzed. The general trend towards a decrease in the incidence is shown both in children under 14 years of age and in the population as a whole. The assortment of pediculicides and the incidence of children with head pediculosis are compared. Data from the monitoring of lice resistance to insecticides conducted in 2019-2022 indicate that the resistance to permethrin of head and body lice remains at a high level. Methods of resistance overcoming are considered with the help of pediculicides having other mechanism of action compared to pyrethroids.
Keywords: pediculosis, morbidity, Pediculus humanus, insecticide resistance.
Carrying out acaricidal and herbicide treatments in open areas using equipment MUSSON AERO
Sitnikov D.M., Sitnikova D.S.
OOO «Dez-Garant», e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: MussonAero, herbicide treatment, acaricidal treatment, large areas.
Prospects for the use of unmanned aircraft to control of mosquito larvae
1 Roslavtseva S.A., 2 Zhulev A.I., 2 Tsvetkov D.A., 3 Medvedeva L.V.
1 Institute of Disinfectology of the Federal Research Center for Hygiene named after F.F. Erisman of Rospotrebnadzor, Russia, Moscow, Nauchnyy proyezd, 18; email@example.com
2 Gigiyena plus Ltd., Anapa, Mayakovskogo st., 111b, Krasnodar region, Russia; firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Territorial Department of the Administration of Rospotrebnadzor for the Krasnodar region in the resort city Anapa, Anapa, Trudyashchikhsya st., 11a, Krasnodar region, Russia; email@example.com
The data of 6-year practical studies (2016–2021) on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus are presented the possibilities of using unmanned aircraft for the treatment of reservoirs in order to control the larvae of mosquitoes carrying malaria pathogens and arbovirus fevers of the micro-biological larvicide, two means based on an inhibitor on chitin synthesis and a means based on juvenoid S-metoprene.
Keywords: unmanned aircraft, larvicide, larvae of mosquitoes.
House and Eurasian tree sparrow in isolated indoors
Mordkovich M.V., email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The example of 25 objects with continuous bird exposure (house and Eurasian tree sparrow) has examined for more than a year how long they can live in isolation and how great the degree of isolation of birds indoors. As a result, it was found that among the captured birds there is a significant shift in favor of house sparrows, 85% of all individuals, while the Eurasian tree sparrow is much less likely to become a resident inside the buildings and develops mainly areas that have a constant connection with the environment. In cases where Eurasian tree sparrows are isolated indoors for a long time, no changes in the condition of the bird are noted. Based on the presence of different signs of discomfort in the bird (changed horns, color aberrations), assumptions were made about the duration of the bird’s stay in an isolated room.
Keywords: house sparrow, removal of birds indoors.
IV EVROASIAN PESTMANAGEMENT CONFERENCE EAPMC 2022